How does the hottest machinery industry break thro

2022-08-20
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How can the machinery industry break through the dilemma of "pre resistance and post catch-up" in the international market

facing the complex domestic and international economic situation in 2011, China's machinery industry handed over a fairly good report card: the annual total industrial output value was 16.89 trillion yuan, an increase of 25.06% year-on-year; The net profit was 1.2 trillion yuan, with a year-on-year increase of 21.14%; The total import and export volume was 631.2 billion US dollars, an increase of 22.84% year-on-year. However, compared with the data with very optimistic development prospects in previous years, these major performance indicators still fell significantly

Wang Ruixiang, President of the China Machinery Industry Federation, said that the current world economic recovery process is tortuous and weak. Developed economies such as the United States, Europe and Japan are implementing "Reindustrialization" with advanced manufacturing as the core, and international market competition is also developing in the direction of high-end; Emerging economies are accelerating the development of industries and technologies with comparative advantages, which makes it more difficult for China's machinery industry to expand exports of medium and low-end products with comparative advantages, and the machinery industry is facing the pressure of "front resistance and back tracking"

according to the data of China Machinery Industry Federation, the import foreign exchange of machinery industry in 2011 reached 309.4 billion US dollars, an increase of 21.18% year-on-year, indicating that the supply capacity of domestic high-end equipment cannot fully meet the needs of all aspects; The trade deficit with Germany and Japan reached US $57.8 billion and US $49.2 billion respectively, which also reflects the gap between China and the world's advanced level in the field of high-end equipment

"the chemical composition of transnational steel in developed economies can change greatly. Enterprises have built a worldwide production and marketing network, and will continue to occupy the commanding height of international industrial competition for a long time; while China's machinery industry is still at the middle and low end of the industrial value chain in international competition, and its export products are mainly at the middle and low end, and there is a lack of independent brands, and the added value of products is low." Others are empty talk. Wang Ruixiang said that the lack of voice and bargaining power will make it very difficult for China's machinery industry to enhance the status of international industrial division of labor

not only that, from the perspective of the domestic market, the machinery industry is also facing difficulties: the total demand for machinery products is slowing down, but the level and quality requirements for equipment products are improving; The internationalization trend of the domestic market is obvious, and it is urgent to improve the core competitiveness of the industry; The pressure of rising costs has increased, and the profit space of the industry has been compressed; Resources and environmental constraints tend to be strengthened, and the extensive development model is difficult to sustain

however, whether the machinery industry wants to break through the dilemma of "pre resistance and post catch-up" in the international market or deal with the difficulties in the domestic market, the key lies in the improvement of its own strength

in this regard, Wang Ruixiang proposed at the fourth general meeting of the third session of the China Machinery Industry Federation held on the 16th that the machinery industry must break through the bottleneck of development, accelerate the transformation and upgrading, and achieve "three transformations" and "three improvements" and "three innovations": it refers to product innovation, technological innovation and innovation in the field of utilization ", that is, the development of parts driven by the whole machine to the transformation of both the whole machine and parts, The transformation from mainly relying on physical production to relying on the coordinated pull of physical production and manufacturing service industry, from mainly relying on increasing the consumption of material resources and extensive management to mainly relying on scientific and technological progress, management innovation and the improvement of workers' quality, so as to realize the transformation of industrial development mode; Improve industrial technology, product quality and economic added value, so as to comprehensively optimize industrial structure, technical structure, product structure, organizational structure and process structure, and promote the overall optimization and improvement of industrial structure

for the development of this year, Wang Ruixiang believes that the machinery industry should grasp the general tone of "seeking progress in stability" and change the target orientation of speed and scale into that of quality and efficiency; We should focus on the main line of changing the development mode, further promote the adjustment of industrial structure, focus on the development of basic manufacturing equipment, energy-saving and new energy vehicles, ocean engineering equipment, rail transit equipment, energy equipment and safety production equipment, and promote the upgrading of industrial chain and the upgrading of products and technologies; We should grasp the central link of improving the ability of independent innovation and provide support for the transformation and upgrading of the industry; We should continue to give prominence to energy conservation and emission reduction and perform our duties to create a "two oriented" society

he also stressed that the machinery industry should adhere to the principle of paying equal attention to both domestic and international markets, using both resources, and adhering to the two strategies of "going out" and "introducing in", so as to further expand the development space and improve the internationalization level

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