The consumption of bulk coal in China is about 7.5

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China's bulk coal consumption is about 750million tons

the Research Report on China's bulk coal governance (2017) (hereinafter referred to as the "bulk coal Governance Report") states that "the bulk coal will be reduced by 70million tons in 2017 and more than 200million tons in 2020"

at present, there is no unified definition and clear boundary delimitation for bulk coal. According to the report on the control of bulk coal, it is defined as the bulk coal other than power and industrial centralized coal, including the bulk coal for civil life, agricultural production, commercial and public institutions, industrial small 16 boilers and small kilns

according to the report on the control of bulk coal, it is estimated that the national consumption of bulk coal should be about 750million tons. This is an estimate based on the survey, which is not an exact figure, because the consumption of bulk coal for three industries, small industrial boilers and small kilns is incomplete

the consumption of bulk coal may even be underestimated, "this figure does not include the enterprise's own power plant". Research by the Coal Information Research Institute, but this item has little impact on the price (except for the door type), said wangqingyi, an analyst

it is worth noting that among the 750 million tons of bulk coal conservatively estimated, rural heating coal accounts for about 27%, and urban villages and suburban villages are also included

Wu Yin, a special researcher of the Counselor Office of the State Council, once pointed out that the pollutants emitted by the combustion of one ton of bulk coal are equivalent to 5 to 10 times of the pollutants emitted by thermal power coal

"bulk coal often uses inferior coal with high ash and sulfur content, and there is no desulfurization, denitration, dust removal and other treatment links." Said Dr. yangfuqiang, member of the core group of China coal control project. This also makes loose coal the focus in the haze control process

due to the influence of many factors such as economic conditions, there is still resistance to the promotion of clean coal, electricity instead of coal, and even gas instead of coal in rural areas. In rural areas, in order to alleviate family difficulties, more than 30% of the farmers use self-made heating facilities, and 77% of the remaining 60% of the households who buy heating stoves use inefficient and low-quality stoves

followed by the impact on health. In the process of using bulk coal, farmers are more exposed to the pollutants discharged, and the risk of suffering from hypertension and respiratory diseases is increased. The global burden of disease report 2010 released by the American Institute of health impact (HEI) pointed out that the premature death caused by indoor solid fuel pollution in rural China was about 1million

"rural residents, especially women, have more serious eye diseases." Lijingming, chief expert of the agricultural ecology and resources protection station of the Ministry of agriculture, disclosed

rural areas are difficult to control bulk coal, and the peak consumption of civilian bulk coal is in the heating period in winter. Yangfuqiang said, "at present, the proportion of clean heating in rural areas is still very low. It is suggested to implement clean energy utilization according to local conditions and promote renewable energy in appropriate areas."

the time for the final examination of the "ten atmosphere" is approaching step by step. At the same time, the heating season is coming

recently, the Ministry of environmental protection issued the comprehensive control of air pollution in autumn and winter in Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei and surrounding areas 3. Control system of tensile testing machine: action plan, which proposed to speed up the comprehensive control of bulk coal pollution. It required that more than 3million households in "2+26" cities should replace coal with electricity and gas by the end of October 2017

in order to achieve the objectives set forth in the "ten articles of atmosphere", it is undoubtedly a key link to adopt more strict control measures

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